There are three steps to becoming a Catholic saint after death:
First, the title "venerable" is formally given by the pope to someone judged to have exhibited "heroic virtues."
Then, a miracle must be attributed to the deceased person's intervention, allowing beatification.
Lastly, canonization (or sainthood), which requires a second attributed miracle.
Pope John Paul II was the third-longest serving pope in history. He died on April 2, 2005 at the age of 84.