Mandela received more than 250 honors and awards for his work to promote peace in South Africa, including the US Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Soviet Order of Lenin, and the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize.
Since his days as president of South Africa, Nelson Mandela focused his attention on charitable causes for children and frequently spoke out about the AIDS crisis in Africa. In 1999, he founded the Nelson Mandela Foundation, a charity which donated much of its resources to AIDS activism. His own son, Makgatho, died from AIDS in 2005. In 2004, he stepped back from public life and rarely made public appearances until his death in 2013.
Mandela has been an inspiration to leaders around the world. President Obama wrote, in an introduction to Mandela’s 2010 book Conversations With Myself, “His sacrifice was so great that it called upon people everywhere to do what they could on behalf of human progress. In the most modest of ways, I was one of those people who tried to answer his call.”