Here's What You Need to Know About a Government Shutdown

Congress and President Trump had a midnight deadline on Friday, January 19th, to agree on government spending, in order to avoid a government shutdown. No deal was struck to fund the government and on the one-year anniversary of Trump's inauguration, the government has shut down. Here's what that means.

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1. What is a Government Shutdown?

When Congress and the President do not agree on a deal to fund the government the government is shut down until a negotiation can be made. This is the first shutdown where a Republican president with control of the House and Senate has not been able to pass a  government spending bill. 

2. Why is there a Government Shutdown?

Democrats and Republicans are playing the blame game. Democrats call it a #Trumpshutdown because of the president's poor leadership to negotiate a deal on important immigration issues. While the majority of the public support DREAMers a deal on DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals), a government Obama-era program that he terminated in September and that affects hundreds of thousands of young undocumented people has not been made. Republicans do not want to negotiate immigration unless there is a deal for the government to fund a border wall and more border security.

3. Who does a Government Shutdown Affect?

The White House released instructions for government officials to follow a furlough. White House staff are to report on Monday but can stay no longer than four hours to engage in "shutdown activities" like setting out-of-office messages or explaining how to carry out functions to colleagues who are not furloughed.

Government agencies that are considered non-essential such as personnel who process passport requests will cease to work effective immediately.

According to CNN, the military is paid through February 1st and if the shutdown continues for the next couple of weeks about 1.3 million active-duty military will be expected to work without pay. The last government shutdown in 2013 lasted for 16 days.