A Breakdown of Latinos in America: Is Your City Growing?

The Hispanic population in the United States may have undergone a huge explosion in the last 10 years, but where they’re coming from has largely remained the same, according to a new Pew Hispanic study that scrutinizes 2010 U.S. Census figures.

Latinos of Mexican, Puerto Rican and Cuban origin or background are still the country’s three largest Hispanic groups, identical to 2000 figures. Mexicans are by far the dominant group, numbering nearly 32 million.

But further down the list, a lot has changed. Salvadorans are now the fourth largest group, growing by 152 percent, while Dominicans, coming in fifth, grew by 85 percent. Guatemalans grew by 180 percent and Colombians by 93 percent.

The study also points out metropolitan areas where different Latino groups dominate. A sampling: In Chicago, 79.2 percent of Latinos are Mexican and in San Antonio, they number 91.3. In Atlanta, 58.1 percent are Mexican. Half of Miami’s 1.5 million Latinos are Cuban; in New York/Northeastern New Jersey, 29.4 percent are Puerto Rican and 19.7 percent are Dominican. Washington DC is home to many Salvadorans, who make up one third of the area’s Latinos.