Immigration Laws by State by State

1. Florida

Bill similar to SB 1070 in AZ will take effect July 29, 2010. FL Representative William Snyder of Stuart says, “it is something that has a great need in this state with such a large illegal immigration population." Snyder has since expressed a willingness to remove the most contentious part of the Arizona-style law; a requirement that police officers ask suspect for proof of citizenship during arrests or routine traffic stops admitting, “I’m not out there saying immigrants are stealing jobs or ruining our schools. I just believe the laws should be enforced.” [back to map]

2. Nebraska

Nebraska passes immigration law to ban hiring or renting undocumented immigrants during a special election June 21, 2010. [back to map]

3. New Jersey

In Sept. 2006, the Township Committee in Riverside, NJ became the first municipality in New Jersey to enact legislation penalizing anyone who employed or rented to an illegal immigrant. [back to map]

4. Pennsylvania

In the first decision of its kind, a federal court struck down a local anti-immigration ordinance in law in Hazleton that sought to punish landlords and business owners who did business with undocumented immigrants, declaring it unconstitutional in 2007. In Sept. 2010, a U.S. circuit court ruled two illegal immigration ordinances in PA unconstitutional. Hazleton’s mayor, Lou Barletta, said, “This ruling is a loss for Hazleton and its legal residents.” [back to map]

5. Missouri

March 12, 2007, after MALDEF filed a suit (Gray v. City of Valley Park, Missouri) the city repealed an anti-immigration ordinance that attempted to impose penalties on landlords and businesses for hiring or renting to undocumented workers. [back to map]

6. Texas

Although a known supporter of Gov. Jan Brewer, Gov. Rick Perry told 2000 Latinos at a National Council of La Raza gathering that he would oppose adopting similar laws in Texas. “It may be right for Arizona, but it ain't exactly right for Texas," the governor said. Since then, nearly 100 immigration bills have been written or filed by state legislators.  A proposed bill introduced by Rep. Debbie Riddle would make hiring an “unauthorized alien” a crime punishable by up to two years in prison and a $10,000 fine—unless they are hired to do household chores. [back to map]

7. Oklahoma

Rep. Randy Terrill says he hopes his state’s immigration laws will mirror AZ. Oklahoma also proposed laws making it a felony for an undocumented immigrant to own a toy gun. In 2007, the state adopted legislation proposed by Rep. Terrill that made it a felony to knowingly provide transport or shelter to an illegal immigrant, and blocked illegal immigrants from obtaining driver's licenses and tuition and in 2009, Terrill successfully introduced a law that halted Spanish-language drivers’ exams and another imposed fees on overseas money wire transfers. [back to map]

8. South Carolina

In March 2011, the South Carolina State Senate passed a bill which would allow local law enforcement officers the authority to detain a person while determining whether the person is in the country legally, but only if the person has been stopped on suspicion of another crime.  An officer would need to contact U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement to determine if a person should be arrested for violating immigration law.
The bill will have to pass the state’s House of Representatives before it can be signed into law.[back to map]

9. Utah

In March 2011, governor Gary Herbert signed a package of immigration laws, including one that would allow a police crackdown on undocumented immigrants similar to SB 1070. The laws were approved by Utah’s Republican-controlled legislature last month. Amid protests, Herbert insisted lawmakers did the right thing, saying,  “We did the hard thing.” He called it “the Utah solution.” [back to map]

10. Georgia

July 2010, Congressman Graves co-sponsored the Charlie Norwood CLEAR Act and former Congressman Nathan Deal’s Birthright Citizenship Act in the U.S. House of Representatives. The CLEAR Act would allow law enforcement to identify and remove violent criminal illegal immigrants and would allow local law enforcement to identify and detain undocumented immigrants with criminal records.  The Birthright Citizenship Act would prohibit a child born in the United States from automatic citizenship if both of the parents are illegal immigrants. [back to map]

11. Maryland

Prince William County, Loudoun County and Frederick County in Maryland participate in 287(g), which deputizes local law enforcement officials to enforce certain federal immigration laws. But Maryland state Del. Pat McDonough, R-Baltimore, said the federal government’s lawsuit against Arizona will not affect his plans to introduce a similar bill during next year's General Assembly session. [back to map]

12. Arizona

On April 23, 2010, AZ Governor Jan Brewer signed SB 1070 into law. The law empowers law enforcement to detain or demand papers from anyone who they think may be “illegal” based on “reasonable suspicion.” The federal government secured an injunction against most of Arizona’s SB 1070 right before it went into effect on July 29, 2010.  The ruling is under appeal and is expected to reach the Supreme Court. [back to map]

13. Virginia

State Delegate Dave Albo, R-Fairfax, proposed a law in the 2007 Virginia General Assembly similar to Arizona's law. It passed the House of Delegates but was killed in the state Senate. Governor Bob McDonnell has pushed state agencies to check whether new hires are eligible to work in the U.S.  The state has also approved a bill that would require companies that receive state contracts to participate in the E-Verify system.  This legislation will take effect on Dec. 1, 2013. [back to map]

14. Colorado

"Under Colorado's law, local law enforcement must only report people whom they have arrested — but not necessarily detained — for another crime to U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement if they have "probable cause" to think the person is in the country illegally. [back to map]

15. Mississippi

In late March 2011, legislation which targeted undocumented immigrants in Mississippi did not pass.  The bill that drew the most attention was modeled after an Arizona law that gives law enforcement the authority to check the immigration status of people whom officers suspect are in the country illegally. [back to map]

16. Minnesota

Lawmakers in Minnesota expect laws styled after Arizona’s controversial immigration law to be introduced in the state’s legislative sessions next year. [back to map]

17. North Carolina

A Republican-controlled county commission in North Carolina is endorsing Arizona's new immigration law. The Star-News of Wilmington reported Tuesday the New Hanover County Board of Commissioners passed a resolution supporting the law. A resolution is simply the board's opinion and carries no legal authority. New Hanover may be the first North Carolina county to adopt such a measure. [back to map]

18. North Dakota

Lawmakers in North Dakota expect laws styled after Arizona’s controversial immigration law to be introduced during legislative sessions this year. “It’s probably a good discussion to have,” said Rep. Al Carlson, the Republican from Fargo who is majority leader in the North Dakota House of Representatives. “States are going to look at it, and obviously we will, too.” [back to map]

19. Arkansas

In March 2011, three measures were introduced at Arkansas’ 88th General Assembly, all of which deal with illegal immigration and recognition or foreign standing in the state.  One of the bills, which has stalled in the state’s House Education Committee, would prohibit illegal aliens from receiving in-state tuition eligibility.  The bill is sponsored by Representative Justin Harris. [back to map]

20. Idaho

Sen. Mike Jorgenson, a Hayden Lake Republican who has tried unsuccessfully to enact a law to punish Idaho employers who knowingly hire undocumented immigrants, vowed to push “an exact duplicate of the Arizona law” in the 2011 Legislature." [back to map]

21. Indiana

In February 2011, an Indiana State Senate committee approved a bill similar to Arizona’s.  The legislation would require police officers to ask for proof of citizenship and or legal immigration status from anyone they stop for violating any law, assuming there is “reasonable suspicion.” The bill has to pass the Senate Appropriations Committee. [back to map]

22. Michigan

Rep. Kim Meltzer, R-Clinton Township proposed a bill that would give police officers the authority to arrest undocumented immigrants who are stopped and questioned on another offense, but eventually dropped the legislation. But Rep. Dave Agema picked up the mantle and introduced HB 4305 in March of 2011, which states: “A law enforcement officer, with or without a warrant, may arrest a person if the officer has probable cause to believe that the person has committed a public offense that makes the person removable from the United States.” [back to map]

23. Rhode Island

On May 19, 2010 legislation that closely resembles Arizona’s SB 1070 was introduced in Rhode Island by Rep. Peter Palumbo, a conservative Democrat, and four co-sponsors. Much of the Rhode Island bill, H 8142, is taken verbatim from the Arizona’s SB 1070. [back to map]